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    時間:2015-09-29 09:50 點擊次數:

    PP Production Proveout 生產驗證

    TTO Tool Try-Out 工裝設備試運行

    (J1) Job 1 整車投產

    DFMEA Design Failure Mode Effects Analysis 故障模式影響分析設計

    DVP Design Verification Plan 設計驗證計劃

    DVP&R Design Verification Plan & Report 設計驗證計劃和結果

    FMEA Failure Mode Effects Analysis 故障模式影響分析

    FPDS Ford Product Development System 福特產品開發系統

    GYR Green-Yellow-Red 綠-黃-紅

    MRD Material Required Date 物料要求到廠日

    OTT OK-TO-TOOL 可以開模

    TKO Tooling-Kick-Off 工裝啟動

    OEM original Equipment Manufacturer 設備最初制造廠

    FtF/F2F Face To Face 面對面會議

    PV Production Validation 產品驗證

    OTS Off-Tooling-Sample 完全工裝樣件

    QOS Quality Operating System 質量運作體系

    TS-16949 Technical Specification – 16949 技術規范-16949

    APQP Advanced Product Quality Planning 先期產品質量計劃

    IPD In Plant Date 進廠日

    PPM Parts per Million (applied to defective Supplier parts) 零件的百萬分比率(適用于供應商不合格零件)

    PPAP Production Part Approval Process 生產件批準程序

    Pre-PV Pre -Production Validation 產品預先驗證


    1PP- First Phase of Production Prove-Out 第一次試生產

    3C Customer(顧客導向)、Competition(競爭導向)、Competence(專長導向)

    4S Sale, Sparepart零配件, Service, Survey信息反饋

    5S 整理,整頓,清理,清潔,素養

    8D- 8 Discipline

    ABS Anti-lock Braking System

    AIAG 美國汽車聯合會

    ANPQP Alliance New Product Quality Procedure

    Apportionment 分配

    APQP Advanced Product Quality Plan

    Backlite Windshield 后窗玻璃

    Benchmark Data 樣件資料

    bloodshot adj.充血的, 有血絲的

    BMW Bavarian Motor Works

    C.P.M Certified Purchasing manger 認證采購經理人制度

    CB- Confirmation Build 確認樣車制造

    CC- Change CutOff 設計變更凍結

    CC\SC- critical/significant characteristic

    CCR Concern & Countermeasure Request

    CCT Cross Company Team

    Characteristics Matrix 特性矩陣圖

    COD Cash on Delivery 貨到付現 預付貨款(T/T in advance)

    CP1- Confirmation Prototype 1st 第一次確認樣車

    CP2- Confirmation Prototype 2nd 第二次確認樣車

    Cpk 過程能力指數Cpk=Zmin/3

    CPO Complementary Parts order

    Craftsmanship 精致工藝

    Cross-functional teams 跨功能小組

    CUV Car-Based Ultility Vehicle









    DCC Design Change Control

    DFA- Design For Assembly 面向裝配的設計

    DOE Design Of Examination試驗設計

    DQES Delivery Quality Evaluation System

    DTL Direct To Line

    DVP&R Design Validate Plan&Report設計驗證計劃報告

    EDI electronic data interchange 電子數據交換

    entire adj. 全部的, 完整的, 整個

    ERP Enterprise Resource Planning

    ES Engineering Specification工程規格

    ESI Early Supplier Involvement 供應商先期參與


    FEU- Field Evaluation Units 用戶市場實際體驗與評估

    first gear 一檔

    Flow Chart 流程圖

    FMEA Failure Mode and Effects Analysis

    four-wheel drive 四輪驅動

    FRG- Ford Reliability Guideline 福特可靠性指導

    Front Windshield 前擋風玻璃

    Tempered glass 鋼化玻璃

    front-wheel drive 前輪驅動

    FSS- Full service supplier 全服務供應商

    FTA Fault Tree Analysis

    GD&T- Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing 標準公差

    GR&R Guage Repeatability&reproducibility量具的重復性和再現性

    grief-stricken adj. 極度憂傷的

    heavy rain 大雨

    high wind n.疾風

    HTFB- Hard Tooling Functional Build 工裝集成調試與驗證

    IPO Individual Parts order

    ISIR Initial Sample Inspection Report

    JIT Just In Time

    KD- knocked down/ Semi Knock Down(SKD) /Completely Knock Down(CKD)

    KO Kick-off

    Laminated glass 夾層玻璃

    LP-Lean Production 精益生產

    LR Launch Readiness

    LS Launch Support

    LVPM Local Vendor Packaging Method

    MPV Multi-PurposeVehicle 多用途汽車

    MRD Material Required Date

    MRO Maintenance,Repair,and Operation

    MTP- Make to print supplier 照圖加工供應商

    N/A- Not Applicable

    NCDR Non-Conforming Delivery Report

    NCMAR Non-Conforming Material Action Report

    NDA Non Disclosure Agreement 保密協定

    NDS Nissan Design Specification

    NML Nissan Motor Ltd

    NVH- System Noise, Vibration & Harshness 系統噪音,振動及粗糙性

    onetime adj.過去的,從前的

    OSM- Outside of Material

    OTC Over The Counter 非處方藥,可在柜臺上賣的藥

    PA Program Approval

    pallet n. 托盤

    Passenger Vehicle 乘用車

    PAT- Program Attributes Team 產品屬性小組

    PDL Product Design Letter

    PH Proportions&Hardpoints

    PIPC- Percentage of Indexes with Process Capability 能力指數百分比

    PIST- Percentage of Inspection points Satisfying Tolerance 檢測點滿意工差百分比

    PMT- Program Moudle Team 產品模塊小組

    PO Purchase order

    PPAP- Production Part Approval Process 生產件批準程序

    PPSR Production Preparation Status Report

    PQA Process Quality Assurance

    PR Program Readiness

    Pre-Launch 試生產

    price-driven costing 價格引導成本

    Production Preparation-Final Nissan - PT2/Renault - PP

    Production Preparation-Initial Nissan - PT1/Renault - PPP3

    Production Trial Run 試生產

    Prototype 樣件

    QFD Quality Funtion Deploy質量功能展開

    QFTT Quality Functional Task Team

    QR- Quality Reject 質量拒收

    QS Quality Standard

    RAN Release Authorisation Number

    reverse 倒車檔

    RFQ Request For Quotation詢價

    RKD Reverse Knock Down

    RLQ Receiving Lot Quantity

    ROC Rate of Climb

    ROI return on investment 報酬率

    ROP Re-Order Point

    RTO Required To Operate

    SAIS Supplier Assessment & Improvement System

    SC Strategic Confirmation/significant Charac'teristics

    SDS- System/ Design Specifications 系統/設計說明

    second gear 二檔

    SFMEA System FMEA

    Shipping Date 出貨日、Invoice Date 發票日或On Board Date 裝船日

    Side Windshield 側窗玻璃

    SJ Strategic Intent

    SNP Standard Number of Parts

    SOW- state of work 工作申明

    SPC Statistical Process Control

    SQA Supplier Quality Assurance

    SREA- Supplier Request for Engineering Approval 供應商工程設計更改申請

    ST Surface Tranfer

    STRS Supplier Test Report System

    Subcontractor 分承包商

    Sunroof Windshield 天窗玻璃

    SUV Sports Utility Vehicle

    TAG Test Aptitude Graphique

    TCO Total Cost of Ownership 總持有成本

    TCRA Total Cost Reduction Activity

    TGR Things Gone Right

    TGW Things Gone Worst

    TM Techinical Manual

    TPM Total Preventive Maintenance

    TTO-Tool Try Out 工裝驗證

    UOM Unit Of Measure

    VES Vehicle Evaluation System

    VO- Vehicle Operation 主機廠

    VPP- Vehicle Program Plan 整車項目計劃

    VQA Vehicle Quality Assurance

    VTTO- Vendor Tool Try-Out 供應商工裝驗證

    WERS- World Wide Engineering Release System

    WVTA Whole Vehicle Type Approval

    凹坑 concave

    車床 lathe

    抽查試驗spot check test

    出廠試驗delivery test

    次品defective product

    調幅amplitude modulation (AM)

    調頻 Frequency Modulation

    斷差 offset

    對講機 interphone

    法平面normal plane


    返工 re-doing

    防滑地板 no-skid floor


    副作用side effect

    改裝廠 refitting factory

    隔熱板heat shield

    后圍側板 rear wall side cover

    劃痕 scratch


    間隙 interstice

    節點pitch point



    汽車總布置草圖sketch for automobile layout

    汽車總裝配圖automobile assembly drawing

    汽油供給管gasoline feed pipe

    汽油箱gasoline tank( petrol tank)

    前圍角板 front wall angle cover

    輕型客車light bus


    三類底盤 three type chassis

    上模upper die

    甚高頻very high frequency (VHF)

    下模bottom die(counter die)


    選料上乘、做工精細be superior in material and excelllent in workmanship

    儀表板 dash board


    褶皺 crimple

    整車運輸transportation of truck-load

    總裝 final assembly


    最大扭矩轉速speed at maximum torque

    左對齊left justify


    皮紋 grain

    OTS OFF TOOL SAMPLE 用批量生產的工模器具制造出的樣件

    PVS Produktions Versuchs Serie 批量試生產

    TMA Trial Manufacturing Agreement

    2TP 兩日試生產,主要是驗證供應商的批量供貨能力

    OS 零批量,是批量生產前的總演習,批產的全面驗證

    SOP Standard Operation 即批量生產 Start-Of-Production Standard Operating Procedure 標準操作程序

    QSV Qualitaes-Sicherungs-Vereinbarung 質量保證協議

    BMG Bau-Muster-Genehmigung 產品工程樣件性能檢驗認可

    Nullserie 零批量

    QSR 質量體系要求

    Bias 偏差

    DB Durability Build 樣車階段

    lead time n.訂貨至交貨的時間

    sink mark 縮痕

    LRR launch readiness review

    Front bumper 前保險杠

    Rear bumper 后保險杠

    Radiator grille 格柵

    Headlamp 前大燈

    Tail lamp-liftgate 尾燈-行李箱蓋上

    Tail lamp-quarter 尾燈-后側圍上

    Front door trim panel 前門內飾板

    Rear door trim panel 后門內飾板

    Interior release handle bezel 內開手把手框

    Power controls bezel 電動車窗開關框

    Window interior capping 窗框飾條

    Exterior mirror 外后視鏡

    Body side moulding 防擦條

    Cowl grille 通風格柵

    Roof molding 車頂裝飾條

    Lift gate molding 牌照板支架

    Lift gate handle 行李箱蓋拉手

    Weather strip_door openings 門框膠條

    Weather strip_liftgate 行李箱膠條

    A Pillar Trim A柱

    B Pillar Trim upper B柱上

    B Pillar Trim lower B柱下

    Front scuff Plate 前門檻條

    Rear scuff plate 后門檻條

    Back panel trim lower 行李箱門檻條

    Garnish trim-Quarter window

    Cowl trim panel A柱下

    Liftgate upper trim 尾門內飾板上

    Liftgate side trim 尾門內飾板中

    Liftgate lower trim 尾門內飾板下


    Defroster panel 除霜蓋板

    Console 中控臺

    Steering column cover 方向機柱上下蓋板

    Cluster 組合儀表

    Carpet 前地毯

    Trunk carpet 后地毯

    Front seat 前座椅

    2nd row seat 第二排座椅

    burr(金屬) flash(塑件)毛邊

    gap 間隙

    defective products 不良品

    finished products 成品

    disposed products 處理品

    band-aid 創可貼

    scratch 刮傷

    dents 壓痕

    縮水 Shrinkage

    縮水 Sink Mark

    頂白 Stress Mark

    YC (Potential Critical Characteristic) 潛在關鍵特性

    YS (Potential Significant Characteristic) 潛在重要特性

    Restriction of Hazardous Substances 簡稱RoHS SGS, BV, TUV, Intertek, ETC BV-Bureau Veritas 法國國際檢驗局

    首檢 First article inspection

    自檢 Self-inspection

    全檢 100% inspection

    巡檢 process audit

    開箱檢驗 out of box audit

    出貨檢驗 out-going inspection

    進貨檢驗 in-coming inspection

    例行檢驗 Routine checking

    確認檢驗 Confirming

    全尺寸檢驗 full dimension inspection

    可靠性試驗 Reliability test

    在線檢驗 on-line inspection

    線下檢驗 off-line inspection

    1號廠房工藝布置方案圖 proposal of the Plant I layout

    2 套 two kits

    J型轉彎試驗 test of J turn

    保險杠 bumper

    變光開關 simmer switch

    薄殼式結構 shell construction

    操舵力試驗 steering effort test

    長途客車 inter-city bus

    車輛轉移臺 bus transfer

    襯墊 pad

    除濕器 moisture ejector

    搭接 lap

    怠速時 at idle

    底盤平移臺 chassis shuttle

    吊運裝置 overhead hoist

    鍍鋅板 galvanized plate

    發車前準備 pre-delivery

    發動機托架 engine holding frame

    發動機中置式客車 bus with under floor engine

    反沖試驗 kick-back test

    返工 re-doing

    防滑地板 no-skid floor

    防破壞 vandal resistant

    風洞試驗 wind tunnel test

    改裝廠 refitting factory

    鋼化玻璃 toughened grass

    擱梁 shelf beam

    更衣室 restroom

    工位 station

    功率突然變化影響試驗 test of effect of sudden power change

    合籠 mate

    恒溫控制 thermostatic control

    橫風穩定性試驗 test of crosswind stability

    后圍側板 rear wall side cover

    互換性 interchangeability

    極限側向加速度試驗 limiting lateral acceleration test

    階路響應時間試驗 step response test

    結構完整性 structure integrity

    靜態操舵力試驗 static steering effort test

    舉升 hoist

    聚碳化透鏡 poly-carbonate len

    空氣導流板 air deflector

    寬敞懸臂式座椅 roomy cantilevered seat

    亮麗的外表 smart apperance

    磷化 phosphating

    輪胎爆破響應時間試驗 test of burst response of tyre

    輪輞錯動試驗 rim slip test

    輪椅升降機 Wheel chair lift

    輪罩護板 wheel house


    脈沖響應試驗 pulse response test

    內飾 trim

    耐翻傾試驗 test of overturning immunity


    爬坡能力 grade ability

    排水閥 drain valve

    配電站 power transformer substation

    拼裝臺 collector

    頻率響應時間試驗 frequency response test

    平衡水箱 surge tank

    汽車平順性單脈沖輸入行駛試驗 automobile ride single pulse input running test

    汽車平順性隨機輸入行駛試驗 automobile ride random input running test

    汽車懸掛系統固有頻率與阻尼比的測定試驗 measurement of natural frequency and damping raito of suspension

    前圍角板 front wall angle cover

    嵌條 insertion strip

    強制通風 ram-air ventilation

    切割輪口 wheel -arch cutting

    切齊 trimming

    琴式驅動橋 banjo type drive axle

    全天候空調系統 full range A/C

    裙板 skirt

    繞過障礙物試驗 obstacle avoidance test

    三類底盤 three type chassis

    收油門后控制試驗 test of control at breakway

    輸出馬力shaft horsepower

    水洼 ponding

    瞬態響應時間試驗 transient response test

    隨車工具 tool box

    梭梁 stabilizing beam

    縮微圖紙 microfiche files

    停機時間 downtime

    通風口 duct

    圖例 legend

    無公害柴油 clean diesel

    線束 harness

    消音器 muffler

    小批量產品 be pilot

    斜撐 bracing piece

    懸架舉升試驗 jack-up test of suspension

    壓條 trim strip

    腰帶式安全帶 diagonal safety belt

    腰梁 waist rail

    儀表板 dash board

    移線試驗 lane change test

    異形鋼管 special steel pipe

    翼板 fender

    隱藏式固定 concealed fastening

    遮陽板 sun visor

    診斷報警系統 diagnosis and alarming system

    織物紋里鋁合金 textured aluminum extrution

    制動穩定性試驗 test of braking stability

    中涂 floating coat

    轉向盤回正性試驗 test of steering wheel returnability

    轉向盤轉角階躍輸入試驗 steering wheel step input or transient state yaw response test

    轉向盤轉角脈沖試驗 steering wheel impulse input test

    自動愈合的防腐材料 self-healing corrosion preventative material

    總馬力gross horse power

    總裝 final assembly

    組合式客車車身 modular bus body

    最小轉彎直徑試驗 minimum turning diameter test

    左側圍應力蒙皮 R/S stretching skin (road side)



    內燃機intenal combusiton engine

    動力機裝置power unit

    汽油機gasoline engine

    汽油噴射式汽油機gasoline-injection engine

    火花點火式發動機spark ignition engine

    壓燃式發動機compression ignition engine

    往復式內燃機reciprocating internal combustion engine

    化油器式發動機carburetor engine

    柴油機diesel engine

    轉子發動機rotary engine

    旋輪線轉子發動機rotary trochoidal engine

    二沖程發動機two-stroke engine

    四沖程發動機four-stroke engine

    直接噴射式柴油機direct injection engine

    間接噴射式柴油機indirect injection engine

    增壓式發動機supercharged engine

    風冷式發動機air-cooled engine

    油冷式發動機oil-cooled engine

    水冷式發動機water-cooled engine

    自然進氣式發動機naturally aspirated engine

    煤氣機gas engine

    液化石油氣發動機liquified petroleum gas engine

    柴油煤氣機diesel gas engine

    多種燃料發動機multifuel engine

    石油發動機hydrocarbon engine

    雙燃料發動機duel fuel engine

    熱球式發動機hot bulb engine

    多氣缸發動機multiple cylinder engine

    對置活塞發動機opposed piston engine

    對置氣缸式發動機opposed-cylinder engine

    十字頭型發動機cross head engine

    直列式發動機in-line engine

    星型發動機radial engine

    筒狀活塞發動機trunk-piston engine

    斯特林發動機stirling engine

    套閥式發動機knight engine

    氣孔掃氣式發動機port-scavenged engine

    傾斜式發動機slant engine



    中置式發動機central engine

    左側發動機left-hand engine

    右側發動機right-hand engine

    短沖程發動機oversquare engine

    長沖程發動機undersquare engine

    等徑程發動機square engine

    頂置凸輪軸發動機overhead camshaft engine

    雙頂置凸輪軸發動機dual overhead camshaft engine


    頂置氣門發動機valve in-head engine

    側置氣門發動機side valve engine

    無氣門發動機valveless engine

    多氣門發動機multi-valve engine

    臥式發動機horizontal engine

    斜置式發動機inclined engine

    立式發動機vertical engine






    二沖程循環two-stroke cycle

    四沖程循環four-stroke cycle

    狄塞爾循環diesel cycle

    奧托循環otto cycle

    混合循環mixed cycle

    定容循環constant volume cycle

    工作循環working cycle

    等壓循環constant pressure cycle

    理想循環ideal cycle

    熱力循環thermodynamic cycle


    活塞行程piston stroke

    長行程long stroke

    上行程up stroke

    下行程down stroke

    進氣行程intake stroke

    充氣行程charging stroke

    壓縮行程compression stroke

    爆炸行程explosion stroke

    膨脹行程expansion stroke

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